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According to Catholic tradition, Jesus founded the papacy in the first century when he chose St Peter, the leader of the apostles, to be his earthly representative.
'Thou art Peter and upon this rock I will build my church,' he states in chapter 16 of Matthew.
There, he begins to minister to the early Christians within the empire who are brutally persecuted, often being subject to death games in the Coliseum and public burnings.
Peter attends the Council of Jerusalem, which decides to accept Gentile (non-Jewish) converts to the new church.
The birth most likely takes place around September, as there is mention of sheep and shepherds being out overnight.They initially receive St Paul as an angel from heaven but perhaps fail fully to understand the Christian message.Acts (xiii-xiv) indicates that they have to be restrained at Lystra from sacrificing to St Paul, and shortly afterwards they stone 'the Angel of God', and leave him for dead.Had Mary won, the church would have been a very different one from that which emerged.It might have been a far less militant church, but possibly one which was less likely to have survived.